The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) in India is a foundational medical degree that is essential for anyone aspiring to become a doctor.

MBBS Course Details in India

It is a comprehensive program that combines both theory and practical experience to prepare students for a career in medicine. Here are the details of the MBBS course in India including duration, curriculum, and specializations.


The MBBS course in India spans a period of 5.5 years. This duration is divided into:

  • 4.5 years of academic education: This includes theoretical study and practical sessions in medical sciences and clinical practice.
  • 1 year of compulsory rotating internship: After completing the 4.5 years of study, students are required to undergo a year of internship, where they practice in hospitals affiliated with their medical college.


The MBBS curriculum in India is structured to provide a broad understanding of medical sciences along with the ethical, legal, and cultural aspects of healthcare. The curriculum is generally divided into three phases:

  1. Pre-clinical (1st and 2nd semesters): This phase covers the basic science subjects such as Anatomy, Physiology, and Biochemistry.
  2. Para-clinical (3rd to 5th semesters): This phase introduces students to subjects like Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine, and Community Medicine.
  3. Clinical (6th semester onwards): This phase involves rigorous training in all the major areas of medical practice, including Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Orthopedics, Dermatology, Psychiatry, Radiology, Anesthesiology, and more. This phase provides students with hands-on experience in diagnosing and treating patients under the supervision of experienced doctors.


After completing the MBBS degree, graduates can opt for postgraduate studies (MD or MS) to specialize in a particular field of medicine. Some of the popular specializations include:

  • General Medicine: Focuses on adult health and internal diseases.
  • Pediatrics: Specializes in the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.
  • General Surgery: Involves surgical treatment of various diseases and conditions.
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology: Concerned with women’s health, pregnancy, and childbirth.
  • Orthopedics: Focuses on the musculoskeletal system.
  • Dermatology: Specializes in skin-related diseases.
  • Psychiatry: Deals with mental health and disorders.
  • Radiology: Involves diagnosing diseases through imaging technologies like X-rays, MRI, and CT scans.
  • Anesthesiology: Concerned with providing anesthesia and managing pain during surgeries.
  • Ophthalmology: Focuses on eye and vision care.

MBBS graduates in India are required to register with the Medical Council of India (MCI) to practice medicine. The MBBS degree from India is recognized globally, allowing graduates to practice medicine in several countries, provided they fulfill the licensing requirements of those countries.

MBBS in India

Studying MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) in India is a highly esteemed option for students both domestically and internationally due to the country’s strong educational framework in medical sciences. The MBBS program in India equips students with comprehensive knowledge and hands-on clinical skills necessary to pursue a career in medicine. Here are key aspects of pursuing MBBS in India:

Duration and Structure

  • The MBBS course in India spans 5.5 years, including 4.5 years of academic education followed by 1 year of compulsory rotational internship in hospitals.
  • The curriculum is divided into three phases: Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical, covering a wide range of subjects from basic sciences to clinical medicine and surgery.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Age: Candidates must be at least 17 years old as of December 31 in the year of admission.
  • Academic Qualification: Must have completed 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as core subjects.
  • Minimum Marks: General category students should secure at least 50% marks in PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology), while SC/ST/OBC students must have 40%.
  • Entrance Exam: Admission is based on the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) score. Some institutes like AIIMS and JIPMER conducted their own exams, but now NEET is the sole entrance test for MBBS admissions in India.

Admission Process

  • Students must qualify for the NEET exam.
  • Based on NEET scores, students participate in the All India and State-level counseling for seat allocation in government and private medical colleges.
  • Admission procedures vary slightly between states and colleges, with some reservations for state domicile candidates, and different quotas such as All India Quota (AIQ), state government quota, and management/NRI quota in private colleges.

Fee Structure

  • Government Medical Colleges: Fees range from INR 10,000 to INR 1 lakh per annum.
  • Private Medical Colleges: Fees can range from INR 10 lakhs to INR 25 lakhs per annum. Some colleges may charge higher, especially under management/NRI quotas.

Advantages of Studying MBBS in India

  • Quality Education: Many Indian medical colleges are recognized globally for their quality education, research, and clinical training.
  • Cost-Effective: Compared to many countries, studying MBBS in government colleges in India is cost-effective.
  • Clinical Exposure: India’s diverse population and health issues offer rich clinical exposure to medical students.
  • Global Recognition: The MBBS degree from India is recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) and many other international medical boards, enabling graduates to practice globally after clearing respective licensing exams.

Post-Graduation Options

After completing MBBS, graduates can either start practicing as general physicians or pursue postgraduate studies (MD/MS) in specialized fields. They need to clear the Postgraduate NEET exam for admission into MD/MS courses.


MBBS graduates must register with the National Medical Commission (NMC), formerly known as the Medical Council of India (MCI), to legally practice medicine in India.

Global Practice

For practicing in other countries, graduates often need to clear the medical licensing exams of the respective country, such as the USMLE for the United States, PLAB for the UK, etc.

Pursuing MBBS in India is a challenging yet rewarding path for those aspiring to make a difference in the medical field. The robust curriculum, extensive clinical training, and the opportunity to serve a diverse population make India an attractive destination for medical education.

Studying MBBS in India offers a comprehensive pathway to a career in medicine, recognized for its rigorous curriculum and esteemed institutions. Here’s a deeper dive into the process, highlighting the admission procedure, fees structure, and NEET eligibility for aspiring MBBS students in India:

Admission Procedure for MBBS in India

  1. NEET Examination: The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is mandatory for all students aspiring to enroll in MBBS courses in India. It is the only entrance test for admissions into medical colleges across the country.
  2. Application Process: Students should fill out the application form for NEET on the official website of the National Testing Agency (NTA). The form typically requires personal details, academic qualifications, and a fee payment.
  3. NEET Admit Card: Upon successful registration, the NTA issues an admit card for the NEET examination.
  4. Appearing for NEET: Students must appear for the NEET examination, which tests their knowledge in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  5. Results and Counselling: After the NEET results are declared, eligible students must participate in the counselling process, which is conducted at both the All India level by the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) and at the state level by respective state authorities.
  6. College Allocation: Based on their NEET scores, preferences, and availability of seats, students are allocated MBBS seats in various government and private colleges.

Fees Structure for MBBS in India

  • Government Medical Colleges: The annual fee ranges between INR 10,000 to INR 1 lakh, making it highly affordable. AIIMS charges around INR 10,000 annually, which is significantly low compared to other institutions.
  • Private Medical Colleges: Fees can vary widely, ranging from INR 10 lakhs to over INR 20 lakhs per annum. Some colleges may also require a donation or capitation fee, in addition to the tuition fees.
  • All India Quota: For seats under the All India Quota (AIQ), the annual fee ranges between INR 50,000 to INR 2,00,000 for eligible students.

NEET Eligibility

  • Age Limit: Candidates must be at least 17 years old by December 31 of the year of admission. The upper age limit for NEET is 25 years for general category candidates and 30 years for SC/ST/OBC candidates.
  • Academic Qualification: Candidates must have passed their Class 12 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as core subjects.
  • Minimum Marks: General category candidates must have scored at least 50% in PCB, whereas SC/ST/OBC candidates need 40%.

Studying MBBS in India

  • High-quality medical education with a focus on practical knowledge.
  • Affordable tuition fees in government colleges.
  • Globally recognized degree enabling graduates to practice medicine worldwide.
  • Extensive clinical exposure in diverse settings.
  • Opportunities for participating in national and international medical conferences.

Pursuing an MBBS in India opens the door to a rewarding career in medicine, offering world-class education, extensive clinical training, and a wide range of opportunities for specialization and research in the field of healthcare.

MBBS Course Details in India