The MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) course in India is structured to be completed in 5.5 years, which includes 4.5 years of academic education and 1 year of compulsory internship.

MBBS course duration and syllabus India

This period is dedicated to equipping students with the fundamental knowledge and skills required to practice medicine. The syllabus and curriculum are designed to cover a wide range of medical fields and practical skills, adher

ing to the guidelines set by the National Medical Commission (NMC), formerly known as the Medical Council of India (MCI). Here’s a breakdown of the MBBS course duration and syllabus in India:

MBBS Course Duration:

  • Academic Period: 4.5 Years (divided into three phases)
  • Internship: 1 Year (Rotatory internship across various departments)

MBBS Syllabus in India:

Phase 1 (Pre-Clinical): 1 Year

  • Anatomy: Study of the human body structure.
  • Physiology: Study of the normal functions of the human body.
  • Biochemistry: Study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

Phase 2 (Para-Clinical): 1.5 Years

  • Pathology: Study of the causes and effects of diseases.
  • Microbiology: Study of microorganisms and their effects on humans.
  • Pharmacology: Study of drugs and their effects on the human body.
  • Forensic Medicine and Toxicology: Study of medical and legal aspects of death, as well as the effects of toxins and poisons.
  • Community Medicine: Study of health and disease in a population to identify health needs and ways to meet those needs.

Phase 3 (Clinical): 2 Years

  • Medicine and its allied specialties (Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Dermatology)
  • Surgery and its allied specialties (Anesthesiology, ENT, Orthopedics, Ophthalmology)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Preventive and Social Medicine

During the clinical phase, students undergo rigorous training in hospitals and health centers, learning to apply their medical knowledge in diagnosing and treating patients under the supervision of experienced doctors.


The compulsory rotatory internship of 1 year is a crucial part of the MBBS program, providing hands-on experience in various departments such as Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, and Community Medicine, among others. This period is essential for gaining practical exposure and honing clinical skills.

Electives and Research:

Some medical colleges in India offer electives and opportunities for research during the MBBS course, allowing students to explore their areas of interest in greater depth.

The MBBS syllabus in India is comprehensive and designed to produce well-rounded, competent, and ethical doctors capable of addressing health care needs. After completing the MBBS degree, graduates are eligible to register with the NMC and practice medicine in India. They can

also pursue further studies and specialization through postgraduate courses like MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), or diploma programs in specific fields of medicine.

MBBS Admission in India

Admission to the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) program in India is highly competitive, primarily governed by the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). Here’s a detailed overview of the admission process:

1. Eligibility Criteria:

  • Educational Qualification: Candidates must have completed their 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as core subjects from a recognized board.
  • Minimum Marks Required: General category candidates need to secure a minimum aggregate of 50% in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology, while candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC categories must secure a minimum aggregate of 40%.
  • Age Limit: The candidate must be at least 17 years old as of December 31 in the year of admission. The upper age limit for NEET has been removed as of now.

2. NEET Examination:

  • NEET is the sole entrance test for MBBS admissions in India, including admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER, which were conducted separately before.
  • The exam is usually conducted once a year in a pen-and-paper mode across various centers in India and abroad.

3. Application Process:

  • Candidates need to register for the NEET exam through the official website of NTA NEET.
  • Post registration, candidates must fill in their details, upload required documents, and pay the application fee to complete the application process.

4. NEET Exam and Results:

  • The NEET exam assesses candidates’ knowledge in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  • After the examination, NTA declares the results and candidates are awarded an All India Rank (AIR) based on their performance.

5. Counseling and Seat Allotment:

  • The counseling process for MBBS admissions is conducted at two levels: All India Counseling by the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) and State-level counseling by respective state authorities.
  • All India Quota (15% of seats) are filled through MCC counseling, and the remaining 85% state quota seats are filled through state-level counseling.
  • Candidates have to register separately for All India and state-level counseling, choose their preferences, and are allotted seats based on their NEET rank, choices filled, and available seats.

6. Document Verification and Admission:

  • Once a seat is allotted, candidates need to report to the allotted college for document verification and completion of the admission process.
  • Documents typically required include NEET admit card, NEET rank letter, Class 10 & 12 certificates and mark sheets, ID proof, caste certificate (if applicable), and passport-sized photographs.

7. Fees and Scholarships:

  • The fee structure for MBBS courses varies significantly across government and private medical colleges. Government colleges usually have lower fees compared to private institutions.
  • There are scholarships and financial aid options available for meritorious and economically weaker students.

Securing MBBS admission in India requires thorough preparation for NEET, awareness of the counseling process, and adherence to the guidelines and deadlines set by the NTA and counseling authorities.NEET Eligibility Fees & Top Medical Colleges

MBBS Admission in Bangladesh

MBBS program in Bangladesh presents a valuable opportunity for students aspiring to become medical professionals. Bangladesh offers a high standard of education, affordable tuition fees, and a curriculum that is recognized globally. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to navigate the MBBS admission process in Bangladesh:

1. Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for MBBS admission in Bangladesh, candidates must:

  • Have completed 12 years of schooling with physics, chemistry, and biology as major subjects.
  • Achieve a minimum aggregate GPA (varies by college, but generally a GPA of 7.0 in SSC and HSC combined is required, with a minimum GPA of 3.5 in each).
  • Have passed the HSC (Higher Secondary Certificate) exam not more than two years before the year of admission.
  • Foreign students must provide an equivalence certificate from the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) in Bangladesh.
  • Proficiency in English is also required, as the medium of instruction is English.

2. Application Process

  • Direct Application: Students can apply directly to their chosen medical colleges. This involves submitting academic transcripts, a copy of the passport, and other necessary documents as specified by the college.
  • Through Authorized Representatives: Institutions like Fortune Education, authorized representatives of medical colleges in Bangladesh, can streamline the application process for both local and international students. They provide counseling, help in selecting the right college, and assistance throughout the application process.

3. Required Documentation

Typically, the application process requires:

  • Academic transcripts and certificates (SSC and HSC or equivalent).
  • Passport-size photographs.
  • Copy of passport (for international students).
  • Birth certificate.
  • Medical fitness certificate.

4. Admission Test

Some medical colleges may require an admission test, especially for international students. However, this varies by institution.

5. Selection Process

Admission is generally based on academic performance, with a focus on grades in physics, chemistry, and biology. For colleges requiring an admission test, scores from this test may also be considered.

6. Visa Process

International students who gain admission will need to apply for a student visa. The college you are admitted to will provide an admission letter, which, along with other documents, will be required for the visa application.

7. MBBS Fees Structure in Bangladesh

The fee structure for MBBS programs in Bangladesh is relatively affordable compared to many other countries. It typically includes tuition fees, lab fees, library charges, and hostel accommodation. Authorized representatives like Fortune Education can provide detailed and up-to-date information on the fee structure of various colleges.

8. Advantages of Studying MBBS in Bangladesh

  • Quality Education: Medical colleges in Bangladesh are recognized for their high standard of education, comprehensive curriculum, and experienced faculty.
  • Affordability: Compared to other countries, the cost of studying MBBS in Bangladesh is lower, making it an attractive option for many students.
  • Global Recognition: Degrees from Bangladeshi medical colleges are recognized globally, allowing graduates to practice medicine in numerous countries after passing the respective licensing exams.
  • Cultural Affinity: For students from neighboring countries, Bangladesh offers a familiar cultural environment, making it easier to adapt.

For those interested in pursuing an MBBS in Bangladesh, starting the process early, thoroughly researching potential colleges, and seeking guidance from authorized representatives like Fortune Education are crucial steps toward achieving your medical career aspirations.

MBBS Admission in Bangladesh